- 人教版（新课程标准）高中英语必修4 Unit 4 Body language 同步练习1
1、根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。How to become a better reader
Language and literacy (读写能力) are among humans' greatest inventions. Evolving（演变）over the course of human history, languages are a reflection of our cultural and societal attitudes. Today, surrounded（包围）by social media, television, movies, and, of course, books, the ability to read and write is important to expressing one's feelings. Most humans acquire language in early childhood and speak fluently when they are about three years old, but our continued relationship with language gives shape and meaning to our lives.
Take it slow. Many readers feel that they read too slowly, especially compared with others.The best readers are flexible（灵活的）— slowing down when needed — and always have a dictionary at hand.
Read aloud. When humans first began reading written words, it was unusual to read in silence.Try listening to the author reading their own work — you'll be surprised to find how clearly it comes through on the page.
Write. Writing and reading go hand-in-hand: how and what you read affects how and what you write, and the best readers often make the best writers. But while much can be learned from close, repeated readings, there are many pleasures to language that can only be experienced through the practice of writing.
Tell your friends. All of the literature is essentially communication from an individual's inner voice to an audience.It's a good way to see the world from someone else's eyes and, in the process, carefully examine your own reaction to what you're reading.
A. But the truth is that the faster you read, the less likely you are to understand fully what you're reading.
B. Can you remember the first piece of writing that transported you to another world?
C. There is something magical about sharing books with friends or a book club.
D. Try writing every day for a month, and you will never read the same again.
E. Reading out loud is one of the best ways to improve your reading ability.
F. Here are 4 ways to become a better reader.
G. In no time, you'll be appreciating novels like fine wine.
2、There is only 10 minutes (leave). I must dash—I've got to catch the train.
3、A good listener takes part in the conversation, (offer) ideas and raising questions to keep the talk flowing.
4、She met me in Happy Street and ( greet) me with a sweet smile.
5、Realizing what is truly important to us is major step towards achieving personal success.
6、We shall defend our motherland the invaders, whatever the cost may be.
7、The man ( approach) her and suddenly he took out a dagger, “Give me your purse!”
8、Don't ( misunderstanding) me. What I really mean is that he is smart and can deal with each situation well.
9、Soon afterwards, he made his first public (state) about the affair to clear others' misunderstanding of him.
10、It is good to be (curiosity) about the world around you because I think curiosity is the best teacher.
11、He will (represented) our class to sing at the school singing contest.
I lost my last debate in the recent National High School Academic Debate & Speech Tournament held in Shanghai. But instead of focusing on my (fail), I stopped to reflect on my experiences in the past few years a debater.
In general, preparing for new debate topics usually (include) brainstorming arguments, researching a resolution（解决）, and doing debate practice. So if you spot a debating group, you might see us sitting together after school, or even all day at weekends, discussing arguments and researching evidence. You might also notice us arguing (fierce) anywhere we can.
Not only are they supportive, but my debate friends also have similar passions and interests to mine. As we discuss debate topics, my fellow debaters and I can talk about anything, from best way of rehabilitating（改造）criminals to the negative points of free immigration policies. However, our discussions are more than just a way (practice) our debating skills. In my mind, they're helping us to become calm and consider (win) and solving real problems as well.
To me, the debating community is a great placepeople help each other not only because they're interested in a higher cause, but because they care about how people from different (background) can lead better lives. I'm grateful to each of my debate friends and every single minute we get to spend together. Indeed, my high school life would be incomplete without them. So even though I (defeat) in my last debate, I'm still thankful for being part of my wonderful debate family.
You'll never guess over I'm writing this email from a cave! We're on holiday in Spain now. We spent a few days in Barcelona first. It's a great place but we had a good time though I didn't feel well one day. Anyway, after we left Barcelona, we come to spend several days in Granada. And guess what? We couldn't find a hotel because there were quite a lot of tourist. Then someone said, “Why not trying the cave dwellings（住宅）here?” We thought he was joking, but here we were really in a cave dwelling and it's wonderfully. Tomorrow we're going to visit a palace in Granada. We've enjoying it very much that we don't want to leave this amazed place. We're never going to have enough time explore everything!
Helen Keller once wrote, “The unselfish effort to bring cheer to others will be the beginning of a happier life for ourselves.”The UN has set December 5 as Internatuional Volunteers Day to give recognition to these people.
Nineteen-year-old Andrew Makhoul was a communications major at the University of Pennsylvania. It was coming up to spring break, but unlike his classmates, Makhoul wasn't planning on spending the break relaxing.
He traveled to Guatemala. He went to an orphanage（孤儿院）in one of the most violent and poor parts of Guatemala city. Although he didn't speak much Spanish, he found communication wasn't a problem: “You communicated with love.” And what he gave out, he got back: “You could see love when you looked in their eyes.”
Makhoul's first time as a volunteer only lasted a week, but by the end of that week, he knew he'd be back in the future.
The UN highlighted the case of Palestinian women who are survivors of breast cancer. As part of the UN's Aid and Hope Programme for Patient Care, the women have been volunteering their time to create low-cost breast prosthetics（假体）to be distributed to women for free, among whom Shahd El-Swerki is a brilliant example. By the end of her time there, she admired these women who are “not only survivors but also volunteers”.
About 2,400 years ago, Greek philosopher Aristotle said, “The essence（本质）of life is to serve others and do good.” Volunteers all around the world are making these words come true, each and every day.
A. It depends upon volunteers to stay open.
B. She worked with the women as part of the programme.
C. Here, we tell two volunteering stories from around the globe.
D. Sometimes, volunteers themselves live with huge challengers.
E. He decided to spend his time doing something useful for people.
F. Volunteers want to do their best to make the world warmer and more beautiful.
G. These words certainly prove true for the millions of volunteers all over the world.
Imagine you're standing in line to buy a snack at a store. You step up to the counter and the cashier scans your food. Next, you have to pay. but instead of scanning a QR Code（二维码）with your smart phone, you just hold out your hand so the cashier can scan your fingerprint. Or, a camera scans your face, your eyes or even your ear.
Now, this type of technology might not be far away. As technology companies move away from the traditional password, biometric（生物特征识别的）security, which includes fingerprint, face and voice ID, is becoming increasingly popular.
In 2013, Apple introduced the iPhone 5s, one of the first smart phones with a fingerprint scanner. Since then, using one's fingerprint to unlock a phone and make mobile payments has become commonplace, bringing convenience to our lives. And since 2016, Samsung has featured eye-scanning technology in its top smart phones, while Apple's new iphone X can even scan a user's face. But despite its popularity, experts warn that biometrics might not be as secure as we imagine. “Biometrics is ideally good in practice, not so much,” said John Michener, a biometrics expert.
When introducing the new iPhone's face ID feature, Phil Schiller, Apple's senior vice-president, said. “The chance that a random person in the population could look at your iPhones X and unlock it with their face is about one in a million.” But it's already been done. In a video posted on a community website Reddit, two brothers showed how they were each able to unlock the same iPhone X using their own face. And they aren't even twins.
“We may expect too much from biometrics,” Anil Jain, a computer science professor at Michigan State University, told CBS News. “No security systems are perfect.”
Earlier last year, Jain found a way to trick biometric security. Using a printed copy of a thumbprint, she was able to unlock a dead person's smart phone for the police, according to a tech website Splinter. “It's good to see biometrics being used more,” Jain told CBS News, “because it adds another factor for security. But using multiple security measures is the best defense.”(1)、Which is the latest identification technology in a smart phone according to the passage?A、Face scanning. B、Eye scanning. C、QR Code scanning. D、Fingerprint scanning.(2)、What is a major problem of the iPhone X's face ID system?A、It takes too long to unlock the phone. B、It often fails to recognize its owner's face. C、Face data can be used for other purposes. D、Different faces can be used to unlock the dame phone.(3)、What is Anil Jain's opinion about biometric security?A、It is as secure as traditional measures. B、It is perfect without much improvement. C、It has caused much trouble for the police. D、It should be used with other security measures.(4)、What does the author intend to tell us in this passage?A、The popularity of biometrics. B、Security problems of biometrics. C、Various problems with biometrics. D、Great changes caused by biometrics.
The hit movie Notting Hill（诺丁山）begins with a famous scene. Hugh Grant bumps into Julia Roberts and spills orange juice all over her. After the collision, Grant repeatedly says, “I'm so sorry. I'm so sorry.”
His actions in this scene are very British. If Roberts' character were from the Britain, than she would probably apologize repeatedly as well – even if the crash were not her fault. But this doesn't happen in the movie, as Roberts is from the US.
A report in The Telegraph once said that three quarters of British people apologize when they bump into someone in the street – regardless of whether they are responsible or not. In fact, Britons use “sorry” in many situations. For example, if they mishear someone, they say “Sorry?” The person they are talking to will also apologize by replying, “No, I am sorry!” This can go on for up to five minutes as they compete over who is the most sorry.
Why are Britons so sorry? Mark Tyrell, a psychology writer in the UK, thinks that their apologetic tendencies are rooted in British class system. “We say sorry because historically the new middle class in Britain had to apologize for not being the working class, but also for really being the upper class.” Another theory is that they apologize to avoid conflicts. For example, if they bump into someone, he might get angry. To avoid this, they instantly say “Sorry!”
True manners are about being considerate, and today's constant use of apologizing shows that we are perhaps not as thoughtful as we once were. The word “sorry” has lost some of its meaning.
Do you see my point? Sorry, it might just be a British thing.(1)、Why does the author mention a scene in the movie Notting Hill at the beginning?A、To give an example of British modesty. B、To introduce different ways of saying sorry. C、To show what kind of men are considered gentlemen in the UK. D、To draw our attention to when and how British people say sorry.(2)、Which of the following statements might Mark Tyrell agree with?A、People should not apologize if they are not responsible. B、Americans care less about manners than British people do. C、That British people apologize so much is linked to the class system. D、British people care too much about which social class they are from.(3)、What can be inferred from the passage?A、It's unnecessary for British people to be so polite. B、The overuse of apologizing shows Britons are truly sincere. C、People should not stick to the traditional use of the word “sorry”. D、Using “sorry” more doesn't necessarily mean people are more polite.(4)、What is the author's purpose in writing this passage?A、To explore the best way of saying sorry. B、To explain why Britons overuse the word “sorry”. C、To show how saying sorry has changed over time. D、To suggest many British people lack traditional manners.
A day in the life of 18-year-old David Lanster is full if typical teenage stuff: school, baseball practice and homework. And then he starts cooking. “Some nights I'm up until 1:00 a.m. making pies, or even later if we're cooking beef,” said the student at Ransom Everglades High School in Florida, US.
For the past year, Lanster and Kelly Moran, his classmate, have been hosting fancy dinner parties at Lanster's parents' home. Their meals have 17 courses and are all made by them. Their guests used to give them gifts to thank them until the pair decided to do something nice for charity（慈善）. “We got some really great Miami Heat tickets, a nice watch, and many kitchen gadgets（小器具）,” Lanster said. “But we wanted to make this something positive for people other than us.”
Lanster and Moran focused on Common Threads, a charity that aims to teach kids in poor communities to cook and make healthy eating choices. The young cooks ask their guests to give however much they want as payment for their meals. It all goes to Common Threads because Lanster's parents cover their food costs. After their last 12-person event, Lanster and Moran gave $1,600 to the charity.
Now, they're taking their show out of the kitchen and on the road. They have started to organize private dinner parties with a similar model: the host pays for the ingredients, and the guests make a donation to a charity of their choice.
Without formal training, Lanster said he had been interested in cooking since he helped his mom in the kitchen when he was very young. He learned how to cook by reading cookbooks and watching TV programs. Outside the kitchen, the two are busy preparing their college applications. Neither of them is sure what they will do in the future, but they're promised their parents that they will leave professional cooking alone until they finish school.(1)、How is Lanster's life different from other teenagers' lives?A、He plans to become a professional chef. B、He plays baseball every day after school. C、He goes to a cooking school in his spare time. D、He holds dinner parties after a normal school day.(2)、What will Lanster and Moran usually do after a private dinner party?A、Receive thank-you cards from the guests. B、Visit the poor children at Common Threads. C、Ask the guests to donate money to the charity. D、Cover the food costs with the money collected.(3)、Which of the following words can best describe Lanster and Moran?A、Ambitious. B、Generous. C、Creative. D、Optimistic.
When I was a boy there were no smart phones, and our television only got one channel clearly. Still, I never felt bored. The fields, hills and woodlands around my home were the perfect playground whose adventures were only limited by my imagination. I can remember once hiking to nearby lake and walking slowly around it. At the back of it I was amazed to find an old dirt road that I had never seen before. It was full of muddy tyre tracks and deep woods bordered it on both sides, but exploring it still seemed like a fine adventure.
I walked on and on for what seemed like hours. I was sure my guardian angel was whispering in my ears “turn around and head back home”, but I was stubborn and walked on. There was still neither a car nor a house in sight. I noticed that the sun was starting to go and down I grew scared. I didn't want to end up trapped on this road, and I was worried that it would be dark before I could make my way back to the lake again.
I continued to walk on with something growing inside of me. My heart was pounding and my legs were aching. I was almost in tears when I saw something in the distance. It was a house that I recognized. I jumped up and down and laughed out loud. It was still over a mile away, but my legs felt like feathers and I hurried back to my house in no time. I walked in with a big smile on my face just in time for dinner. Then I ended my adventure with a good night's sleep.
I often thought of that experience recently. Actually, in our life, all roads, no matter how they twist and turn, can lead us home again. They can lead us to hey can lead us to our homes in our hearts. May you always walk your path with love! May you always help your fellow travelers along the way! And may your roads always lead you home again!(1)、Why did the author hardly feel bored when he was young?A、He could watch TV all day. B、He could have fun in nature. C、He had many friends to play with. D、He used to explore the old dirt road(2)、What does the underlined word “something” in Paragraph 3 probably refer to?A、Doubt. B、Hope. C、Fear. D、Courage.(3)、How did the author feel when he was exploring the dirt road?A、He was contradictory in mind. B、He was unconscious of danger ahead. C、He was worried to be trapped in the woods. D、He was afraid of being scolded by his parents.(4)、What may be the best title for the passage?A、Every Effort Is Worthwhile. B、All Roads Lead Home. C、Be Determined in Your Life. D、Be Brave to Adventure.
Our son Jason was born with cerebral palsy（脑瘫）. My wife and I often 1him as he faced many challengers in his early years.
It was 2to see him chosen last for baseball 3 but he was happy and well 4 by his peers（同龄人）throughout primary school. His most 5 time came when he began high school. One afternoon, he returned home with 6 He threw his bag on the floor, shouting angrily, “I'll never go to school again!” He was 7with food other kids had thrown at him on the way home. He didn't tell us what had happened until later.
Several days earlier, he had 8the school running team. That day, a few older students made fun of his 9 on the track and made him the 10 of their one-sided food fight. I called the headmaster about the matter and it never happened again. He stayed on the team 11 trouble continued.
One day in October, We had snow and freezing rain. As the other kids exercised in the gym, they noticed Jason jogging around the snow-covered 12 A few weeks later, he told us each month students 13an “athlete of the month”. The coach would list the top athletes, and students voted for the winner. Jason's14 had never been listed. But that day, one of the student said, “I'd like to nominate（提名）Jason for the athlete of the month, sir!” The coach looked 15.
“He works harder than any of us, sir,” the student continued.
“But we'll have to have someone 16 the nomination,” the coach replied.
Tears formed in Jason's eyes as he told us what happened next. “Mom, Dad, everyone in the class 17their hands.”
We, also in tears, looked at him as he18 showed his certificate.
Whenever I despair, I think of this story. I 19 myself that challengers are not overcome by force, but by patience,20and faith.（1）A 、comforted B 、persuaded C 、protected D 、instructed（2）A 、boring B 、confusing C 、heartbreaking D 、challenging（3）A 、purposely B 、regularly C 、exactly D 、eventually（4）A 、praised B 、admired C 、respected D 、accepted（5）A 、merciful B 、enjoyable C 、difficult D 、unforgettable（6）A 、confidence B 、sadness C 、courage D 、fear（7）A 、covered B 、packed C 、faced D 、supplied（8）A 、played for B 、voted for C 、prepared for D 、signed up for（9）A 、promise B 、performance C 、goal D 、ability（10）A 、target B 、cause C 、focus D 、role（11）A 、in case B 、as if C 、ever since D 、even though（12）A 、street B 、camp C 、track D 、field（13）A 、trained B 、found C 、dismissed D 、chose（14）A 、name B 、progress C 、score D 、application（15）A 、satisfied B 、surprised C 、excited D 、disappointed（16）A 、invite B 、seek C 、support D 、consider（17）A 、put up B 、put back C 、put down D 、put out（18）A 、carefully B 、firmly C 、eagerly D 、proudly（19）A 、warn B 、remind C 、inform D 、teach（20）A 、honesty B 、knowledge C 、determination D 、development