湖南省湖湘教育三新探索协作体2019-2020学年高一上学期英语12月联考试卷

试卷更新日期:2020-02-07 类型:月考试卷

一、阅读理解

  • 1. 阅读理解

    New movies set holiday eve record

        Chinese moviegoers set a box office (票房) record for the eve of the week—long National Day holiday. By 9:30 p.m. September 30, new movies had brought in 630 million yuan.

        The major movies contributing to the box office record were My People, My Country, The Captain and The Climbers.

        My People, My Country ranked first by bringing in around 270 million yuan. It was made up of seven short stories which were set in historic moments to look back at New China's 70 years of existence. The movie was co-directed by Chen Kaige, Zhang Yibai, Guan Hu, Xue Xiaolu, Xu Zheng, Ning Hao and Wen Muye.

        Another well-received film, The Captain, earned 194 million yuan to occupy second place. Starring actor Zhang Hanyu, the film is based on heroic Sichuan Airlines pilot Liu Chuanjian, who completed one of the most miraculous (奇迹的) emergency landings in China's civil aviation (民航) history.

        Also adapted from real events, The Climbers earned 157 million yuan. With an excellent cast including Zhang Ziyi and Wu Jing, the film is about Chinese mountaineers' climbing to the top of Mount Qomolangma.

        Wu Jing said the film filled a gap in the market, with sports-themed titles quite rare in the world's second-largest movie market.

        Besides the three movies, eight other films will be on during the holiday ending on Oct 7.

    (1)、My people, My country was directed by the following directors except ________.
    A、Zhang Yibai B、Zhang Yimou C、Chen Kaige D、Xu Zheng
    (2)、The film The Captain has earned ________ yuan according to the passage.
    A、194 million B、157 million C、270 million D、630 million
    (3)、Why did Wu Jing say The Climbers filled a gap in the movie market?
    A、Because it is about climbing Mount Qomolangma. B、Because it is a very successful movie. C、Because its theme is about sports. D、Because it is adapted from a real event.
  • 2. 阅读理解

        One day a poor man was begging with an old wallet in his hand. As he felt sad at his own bad luck, he kept wondering why some wealthy people were never satisfied and were always wanting more.

        "Here," said he, "is the master of this house—I know him well. He is a wealthy businessman. He should have turned over his business to others, and then he could have spent the rest of his life happily, but he didn't. Instead, he sent his ships to sea to trade with foreign lands. However, there were great storms on the water, so his ships were destroyed and his treasure disappeared in the sea. As for me, if I had only enough to eat and to buy clothing, I would not want anything more."

        Just at that moment, Fortune came down the street. She saw the poor man and stopped. She said to him, "Listen! I want to help you. Hold your wallet, and I will pour this gold into it, but only on this condition: all that falls into the wallet shall be pure gold, but every piece that falls upon the ground shall become dust. Do you understand?"

        "Oh, yes," said the poor man.

        "Then be careful," said Fortune. "Your wallet is old, so do not load it too heavily."

        The beggar was so glad that he quickly opened his wallet, and a stream of yellow dollars poured into it. The wallet grew heavy.

        "Is that enough?" asked Fortune.

        "Not yet."

        "Isn't the wallet cracking (裂开)?"

        "Never fear."

        The beggar's hands began to tremble. Ah, if the gold would only pour forever!

        "You are the richest man in the world now!"

        "Just a little more, add just a handful or two."

        Another piece was added, and the wallet cracked. The treasure fell upon the ground and turned to dust. The beggar had nothing now but his empty wallet. He was as poor as before.

    (1)、What happened to the wealthy businessman?
    A、He was robbed of his money. B、His ships sank at sea. C、His treasure turned to dust. D、He gave his money to the poor.
    (2)、Why do you think Fortune gave the gold to the poor man?
    A、She wanted to make the poor man the richest in the world. B、She had too much gold already. C、She wanted to teach the poor man a lesson. D、She liked the way the poor man spoke.
    (3)、Which word best describes the poor man?
    A、weak B、happy C、wise D、greedy
    (4)、What is the best title for this article?
    A、The poor man and Fortune B、The poor man and the businessman C、The poor man and his wallet D、The poor man and the gold
  • 3. 阅读理解

        Parents do not owe (欠) their children a college education. If they can afford it, they can certainly send them to a good university. But they needn't feel guilty if they can't. When children grow up and want to get married, their parents do not owe them an apartment. They do not have the duty to look after their grandchildren, either. If they want to do it, it must be considered a favor, not anobligation.

        Do parents owe their children anything? Yes, they owe them a great deal.

    One of their obligations is to give their children a personal worth. Children who are always made to feel stupid and unworthy, constantly compared with brighter brothers, sisters, or cousins will become so unsure, so afraid of failing that they won't try at all. Of course they should be properly corrected when they do wrong, but it's often better to let children learn their mistakes by themselves in time. All their parents should do is to trust them, respect them, understand them and give them chances to try and fail. They must learn to stand failure. When criticisms (批评) are really needed, they should be balanced with a smile and a kiss. That is the way children learn.

        Parents owe their children a set of solid values around which to build their lives. This means teaching them to respect the rights and opinions of others; it means being respectful to elders, to teachers, and to the law. The best way to teach such values is by deed. A child who is lied to will lie. A child who sees no laughter and no love in the home will have difficulty laughing and loving.

    No child asks to be born. If you bring a life into the world, you owe the child something.

    (1)、The author thinks parents ________.
    A、should send their children to college B、should support their children after they get married C、need to buy an apartment for their children D、needn't feel guilty if they can't send their children to universities
    (2)、What does the underlined word "obligation" in Paragraph 1 mean?
    A、Right. B、Promise. C、Duty. D、Excuse.
    (3)、According to the passage, what should parents do when children make mistakes?
    A、Understand them and tell them not to do that again. B、Let them learn the mistakes by themselves in time. C、Compare them with brighter brothers or sisters. D、Correct their mistakes immediately.
    (4)、What does the author mainly talk about in this passage?
    A、The duties of parents. B、The best way to teach children. C、The reason why children feel stupid and unworthy. D、The reason why parents owe their children something.
  • 4. 阅读理解

        On Sunday, November 3, 2019, most North Americans will mark the end of Daylight Saving Time (DST) by moving their clocks back an hour. This simple action will not only add an extra 60 minutes to their weekend, but also shift (变换,变动) daylight back into the morning hours, making it a little less painful to wake up for school and work during the shorter winter days.

        Operating the clocks was first suggested by Benjamin Franklin in 1784. He mentioned the idea in a letter to the editor of the Journal of Paris and advised it should be a way to save candles, but it was not taken seriously. George Hudson from New Zealand also recommended moving the clocks back two hours in 1895 to get extra daylight time to study insects. Unfortunately, neither he nor British people William Willett, who suggested it in 1907 as a way to save electricity costs, got their wish.

        It was the German Empire that began the clock shifting tradition on April 30, 1916, to save fuel needed to produce weapons and bombs for World War I. Though a few others, including the US and Britain, adopted the tradition shortly after, all the countries returned to Standard Time once the war ended, only to start DST again during World War II. Once the battle ended in 1945, the US government ended DST nationally but allowed states and districts to continue the tradition and even allowed them to establish their own start and stop dates.

        However, though there have been many attempts to persuade lawmakers to end DST, both in the US and Europe, they have not been successful. Therefore, unless you live in places like Hawaii and Arizona, you have little choice but to "Fall Back" and enjoy the extra hour this weekend! Health experts suggest the best way to adjust is going to bed at your regular time, even if the day is an hour longer.

    (1)、Who first suggested operating the clocks?
    A、William Willett in 1907. B、Benjamin Franklin in 1784. C、George Hudson in 1895. D、The German Empire in 1916.
    (2)、Why was the "DST" used by the German Empire?
    A、To end the World War II earlier. B、To give the states and districts freedom. C、To meet the needs of the US and British people. D、To save fuel needed to produce weapons and bombs.
    (3)、Before the start of DST, when it is 7:30 a.m. in Beijing, it is 7:30 p.m. in Boston. If it is 11:30 a.m. in Beijing, what time will it be in Boston after using DST?
    A、10:30 p.m. B、11:30 p.m. C、12:30 p.m. D、9:30 p.m.
    (4)、What is the best title for this passage?
    A、Attempts to end DST B、The Shorter Winter Days C、End of DST this year D、Sunday's Extra Time

二、完形填空

  • 5. 完形填空

        When I look back on my childhood, a mixture of happiness and sorrow floods over me. I have living memories of every past life story that has had deep 1 on my future view of life. Here is one such 2 story.

        Shaking in my underwear (内衣)on the driveway, I watched the home quickly 3 to the ground. A moment ago I was sleeping 4 in my comfortable bed when a 5 woke me up. My grandma's bedroom was just next to mine and my brother's. A fire had 6 there and awakened her. Upon hearing her, my older brother began to take action. The house, however, was over 50 years old and made of 7 . Before we could do anything, the fire had 8 it.

        I stood trembling with great 9 as the fire ruined my books, clothes, and toys. I watched 10while my mother cried and my father swore (咒骂). I wondered what would 11 ahead of us since everything was lost. However, as I looked around, I 12 something for the first time: What matters aren't 13. I saw my older brother running across the 14 by our house to get help. I saw my oldest brother who 15 from an earlier accident standing painfully on one leg. I saw my parents gathering together and my grandma 16 our little dog in her arms. Everything that was 17 had survived the fire. Our lives would continue. And that was all that mattered.

        The accident that night helps me learn the 18 we share actually means much more than materials. Live our life for the things that 19, not for the things we own. Let the 20 inside us make this world a warmer place.

    (1)
    A、impression B、challenge C、difference D、influence
    (2)
    A、classic B、lovely C、meaningful D、funny
    (3)
    A、pull B、burn C、run D、push
    (4)
    A、deeply B、badly C、terribly D、nervously
    (5)
    A、event B、notice C、scream D、song
    (6)
    A、broken in B、broken out C、broken up D、broken down
    (7)
    A、mud B、steel C、wood D、curtain
    (8)
    A、destroyed B、attacked C、spread D、injured
    (9)
    A、delight B、joy C、hope D、fear
    (10)
    A、hopefully B、excitedly C、helplessly D、happily
    (11)
    A、earn B、inform C、meet D、lie
    (12)
    A、dismissed B、realized C、desired D、approached
    (13)
    A、families B、surroundings C、things D、people
    (14)
    A、bridge B、pole C、tree D、rope
    (15)
    A、starved B、escaped C、recovered D、suffered
    (16)
    A、holding B、defending C、hitting D、beating
    (17)
    A、cheap B、important C、expensive D、native
    (18)
    A、pain B、worry C、wealth D、love
    (19)
    A、matter B、decide C、determine D、depend
    (20)
    A、heart B、fire C、spirits D、feelings

三、任务型阅读

  • 6. 任务型阅读

        Why do you run? Different people have different reasons. Whatever your reason, there's one thing we can be sure of: Running is much better injury-free. In his book, Dr. Jordan Metzl's Running Strong, Metzl has the perfect suggestions for enjoying your running without losing your well-being. Here are five must-follow rules for injury-free running:

        ⒈Train for your level of fitness and your goals.

         If you run for fitness and your goal is 30 minutes a day, that's cool. But if you are just starting out, you need to get there slowly.

        ⒉Wear the right shoes for your feet.

        You will hear lots of opinions about whether running shoes really help prevent injury and whether you should even wear them.  And some of you may need a little added assistance from inserts (鞋垫).

        ⒊.

        Be honest about how much sleep you need and stick to it. The cool runner is the one who wins the race. Sleep will get you there.

        ⒋Fuel (给提供能量) your body right for running and recovery.

         And after workout or race, you need to deliver nutrients (营养物)to all the body rebuilders in your muscles, so they can do their job and get you back into perfect shape for your run tomorrow.

        ⒌Pay attention to pain.

        When pain changes the way you run, stop running.  And use dynamic rest (动态休息)to stay in shape until you are back on your running feet.

    A. Try to find out what's going on and treat it.

    B. Get seven to eight hours of sleep every night.

    C. Running should be seen as fun rather than pain.

    D. Don't run more miles than your body can deal with.

    E. A good pre-run meal plan is one that keeps you stepping strong.

    F. It is because of the health benefits, including lowering your risk for disease.

    G. The right running shoes can help correct foot-movement problems that lead to injury.

四、语法填空

  • 7. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Organized by Beijing Normal University, an (importance) forum (论坛)on the spirit of the Chinese women's volleyball team was held on Saturday in Beijing. Around 500 people from different fields (attend) the forum.

        Professors and experts gave significant speeches, sharing their (opinion) on the spirit of women's volleyball and on  building of sports power. Lang Ping, chief coach of women's volleyball team, also shared her views, (make) all the audience deeply impressed.

        Cheng Jianping, the Party chief of Beijing Normal University, said in his speech women's volleyball has influenced people (great), and encouraged them (struggle) for their aspirations (抱负).The spirit of women's volleyball has not only showed patriotism (爱国主义)but also brought confidence and courage to people  are facing new challenges. So far, China(enter) a new era (时代), and it should continue to carry forward this spirit. Meanwhile, this spirit should be closely linked  patriotism education, Cheng said.

五、短文改错

  • 8. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错 误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词;

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉;

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2)只允许修改10处,多者(从11处起)不计分。

        As more and more people choose bike-riding instead of drive, bike-sharing enjoys great popularity in China. It's very convenient of you to use a mobike if you have a mobile phone. You just need to find the nearest mobike through the APP, scan the QR code on the bike, but enjoy your trip. Compared with other form of shared bikes, a mobike have many advantages. One obvious advantage is that you can find a mobike easy and never worry about where to park them. In word, bike-sharing benefits people a lot. It has become a new way of transportation, that reduces traffic jams and helps protect the environment as well as.

六、书面表达

  • 9. 假如你是李华,你校国际交流部正在招聘志愿者,接待来访的英国中学生。请你写信申请,内容包括:

    1)申请原因;

    2)口语水平;其他优势。

    注意:1)词数:100左右;

    2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3)开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

    Dear Sir/Madam,

        I'm writing you this letter for the position of a volunteer.

       

        Looking forward to your early reply.