天津市静海区第一中学2020届高三上学期英语期末考试试卷

试卷更新日期:2020-02-07 类型:期末考试

一、单项填空

  • 1. — Honey, I promise to take you to Hong Kong this summer vacation.

    — Really? ________. Have you ever been there?

    A、It's a deal B、It's my guess C、That's all right D、That's terrible
  • 2. ________ its health benefits, dancing is a fun way to release positive energy and make society more pleasant.
    A、As a result of B、In view of C、In terms of D、In addition to
  • 3. Most of his works didn't gain the international ________ they deserved until his death.
    A、reputation B、impression C、recognition D、measure
  • 4. —Oh, my English novel is missing.

    —I saw Tom leaving with ________, but I am not sure whether yours was included.

    A、one B、it C、some D、that
  • 5. —Did you meet Mr. Smith?

    —Yes. When I arrived, he ________ for New York to attend a press conference.

    A、was just leaving B、just left C、just leaves D、had just left
  • 6. An energy ministry official says all of the country's nuclear plants have been________ and are capable of standing natural disasters.
    A、arranged B、appreciated C、inspected D、performed
  • 7. One of the proudest moments in my life is ________ I was rewarded for my courage after saving a drowning child.
    A、that B、when C、what D、which
  • 8. The recent cold weather has prevented residents from going out, which may ________ the decline in customer flows at the shopping mall.
    A、make up B、account for C、apply for D、take up
  • 9. — I am leaving for America to attend a trade fair tomorrow.

    — ________. See you in a couple of weeks.

    A、Congratulations B、All the best C、All the better D、All in all
  • 10. My computer ________ start this morning. There must have been something wrong with it.
    A、wouldn't B、shouldn't C、couldn't D、mustn't
  • 11. Due to the present school shootings, the only way the president could imagine ________ such tragedies was to ban guns across the US.
    A、to prevent B、preventing C、prevented D、having prevented
  • 12. The shopkeeper wanted to sell me the dress for 30 dollars, and I wanted to pay 20 dollars for it, so we ________ on 25 dollars.
    A、communicated B、compromised C、bargained D、concentrated
  • 13. Professor Smith, for ________ work matters most, is devoted to his research work.
    A、whose B、him C、whom D、what
  • 14. — I am going to Hainan for my holiday.

    — OK. Have fun ________ you can. The hard times are approaching.

    A、until B、before C、unless D、while
  • 15. The poor girl, ________ for not finishing homework on time, is in low sprits now.
    A、scolding B、being scolded C、having been scolded D、to be scolded

二、完形填空

  • 16. 完形填空

        Have you ever been asked the question "What do you want to be when you grow up?" I am someone who's 1 been able to answer the question. The problem wasn't that I didn't have any 2 — it was that I had too many. In high school, I liked English, math and art and I built websites and I played the guitar. This 3 after my high school, 4 at a certain point, I started to get bored. And usually I would try and 5 anyway, because I had already devoted so much time and energy and sometimes money to this field. But eventually this sense of 6 would get to be too much. And I would have to let it go.

        This pattern caused me a lot of 7 for two reasons. The first was that I wasn't 8 how I was going to turn any of this into a career. I thought that I would eventually have to 9 one thing, deny all of my other passion. The 10 reason was that I worried that there was something wrong with this, and something wrong with me for being 11to stick with anything. I was afraid of commitment. 12, there is nothing wrong with me. I am just a multipotentialite(多重潜力者). A multipotentialite is someone 13 many interests and creative pursuits. It is easy to see your multipotentiality as a limitation that you need to 14. But what I have learnt is that there are three multipotentialite 15: Idea synthesis(综合), rapid learning and adaptability.

        In fact, some of the best teams are made up of a specialist and multipotentialites. The specialist can dive in deep ideas, 16 the multipotentialite brings a width of knowledge to the project. It is a 17 partnership. So what I hope is this: If you are a 18 at heart, then by all means, specialize. But to the multipotentiallites, please 19 your many passions and follow your curiosity. The world 20 multipotentialites.

    (1)
    A、always B、sometimes C、never D、still
    (2)
    A、thoughts B、interests C、questions D、subjects
    (3)
    A、happened B、changed C、stopped D、continued
    (4)
    A、because B、but C、so D、when
    (5)
    A、insist B、agree C、save D、compare
    (6)
    A、satisfaction B、achievement C、freedom D、boredom
    (7)
    A、desperation B、surprise C、excitement D、anxiety
    (8)
    A、curious B、brave C、sure D、careful
    (9)
    A、know B、control C、involve D、pick
    (10)
    A、other B、important C、simple D、same
    (11)
    A、unable B、pleased C、easy D、willing
    (12)
    A、Personally B、Actually C、Perfectly D、Luckily
    (13)
    A、for B、like C、with D、regarding
    (14)
    A、refuse B、guard C、search D、overcome
    (15)
    A、powers B、results C、weaknesses D、restrictions
    (16)
    A、since B、while C、because D、although
    (17)
    A、real B、new C、beautiful D、limited
    (18)
    A、thinker B、specialist C、scientist D、student
    (19)
    A、achieve B、discover C、combine D、accept
    (20)
    A、needs B、fears C、annoys D、challenges

三、阅读理解

  • 17. 阅读理解

        The movie theater is a fantasy land that takes the dreams of anyone. It attracts groups of different tastes. There are certain characteristics that distinguish these people from one another. And the characteristics also help guide directors towards what is going to be the next big cinematic presentation.

        The Regulars

        They are basically amateur movie critics themselves due to the amount of movies they watch. They do not decide more between movies and can generally see two or even three in one sitting. So older people are the regulars due to their plenty of free time they have.

        The Young Parents

        Children's movies are their entertainment of choice, and they tend to choose light-hearted humor over everything. Usually friendly, this group are great at socializing. As for the movie category for children, directors trust this group as they know what is wanted and expected in the types of movies.

        The Couple

        They are quick to get into the cinema and usually buy what is required by the female partner. What is usually a similar theme in their movies is at least a hinting at a love story of some sort. These groups are excellent test subjects for the production of Nicholas Sparks type movies as they feel like their love story is the next big production and thus directors are drawn towards them.

        The Noisy Teens

        These types can interrupt a movie countless times. Though they may buy tons of food, they seem somehow not to send the food into their mouths and employees find much food is left on the floor as if a food fight went on during the film. Action and adventure movies come out usually for this crowd because the plot and fast-paced nature of the film usually keep the teens at bay for that time period.

    (1)、The text would most benefit ________.
    A、film lovers B、movie directors C、theater visitors D、cinema bosses
    (2)、What do we learn about the Couple?
    A、They are required to get into the cinema soon. B、Both of them enjoy movies of different themes. C、The female partner often decides what they see. D、They like to judge the quality of the love-story films.
    (3)、Which group will probably pay little attention to the subject of the movie?
    A、The Regulars. B、The Young Parents. C、The Couple. D、The Rowdy Teens.
    (4)、What kind of movies most likely attracts the teens?
    A、Light-hearted humor movies. B、Nicholas Sparks type movies. C、Exciting movies about the war. D、Romantic love-story movies.
    (5)、What's the text mainly about?
    A、Analysis of movie theater goers. B、Movies for people with different tastes. C、Approaches to attracting audiences. D、The recipe to pick a popular movie.
  • 18. 阅读理解

        Allen Cook and his daughter Melissa were renovating(整修) her house, when they found a beautiful, heart-warming love story. "The envelope in the ceiling was old and yellow. It had never been opened, It was unbelievable when my son-in-low started reading it. In the letter she was talking about the baby she was going to have," Allen Cook said.

        The story began in May 4, 1945, the typed letter was written by a woman named Virginia to her husband, Rolf Christoffersen. At the time, he was a sailor in the Norwegian navy. The envelope was marked "return to sender" and never found its way to her husband. Allen's daughter used the Internet to find the phone number of someone named Rolf Christoffersen and gave him a call, leading her to his son in Santa Barbara, California.

        "Someone called me at my office. They just googled my name because I have the same name as my father. Melissa asked me where I grew up and I told her. She told me she had the letter," Christoffersen's son, 66 now, said. The younger Christoffersen wasn't yet born when his mother Virginia wrote the letter, but he said her words were very special to him. His mother, who died six years ago, wrote about her love for her husband.

        "I love you Rolf, as I love the warm sun, and that is what you are for my life, the sun about which everything else revolves around me," she wrote. Seventy-two years later, her words were finally heard by her husband. Christoffersen immediately called his father, who is now 96. And read the letter to him over the phone. "I was so surprised after all these years. I was very emotional," the elder Christoffersen said.

        The long-lost letter was finally received just before Mother's Day; it was another tangible connection to Virginia Christoffersen. "It's Mother's Day and reading her words reminded me just what a wonderful person she was and how much she loved us" her son said, through tears.

    (1)、The envelope found by Allen and his daughter ________.
    A、was hard to believe for everyone B、told a pretty and touching love story C、told a story about Melissa and her husband D、was written by a man whose wife joined the services
    (2)、How did Allen's daughter find the phone number?
    A、By searching the Internet. B、With the help of the public. C、By the address on the envelope. D、With the help of the Norwegian navy.
    (3)、It can be inferred that the baby Virginia mentioned in the letter might be ________.
    A、the father of Melissa who found the letter B、the younger Christoffersen in Santa Barbara C、6 years older than the younger Christoffersen D、a younger brother of the younger Christoffersen
    (4)、Elder Christoffersen knew the details of the letter through ________.
    A、his neighbor telling him face to face B、his son reading to him on the phone C、the email that Melissa sent to him D、the post on the Internet posted by Melissa
    (5)、What did the younger Christoffersen think of the long-lost love letter?
    A、A reminder of his mother. B、A precious gift to his father. C、A present from his mother. D、A precious gift of Mother's Day.
  • 19. 阅读理解

        In many aspects, nowadays business environment has changed greatly since the late 1980s. The end of the cold war completely altered the very nature of the world's politics and economics. In just a few short years, globalization has started a variety of trends with profound consequences: the opening of markets, true global competition, widespread deregulation (解除政府对……的控制) of industry, and an abundance of accessible capital. we have experienced both the benefits and risks of a truly global economy, with both wall street and main street (平民百姓) feeling the pains of economic disorder half a world away.

        At the same time, we have fully entered the information age, starting breakthroughs in information technology, which have irreversibly altered the ability to conduct business unconstrained by the traditional limitations of time or space. Today, it's almost impossible to imagine a world without intranets, e-mail, and portable computers. With amazing speed, the internet is profoundly changing the way we work, shop, do business, and communicate.

        As a consequence, we have truly entered the post-industrial economy. We are rapidly shifting from an economy based on manufacturing and commodities to one that places the greatest value on information, services, support, and distribution. That shift, in turn, attaches great importance to "knowledge workers," a new class of wealthy, educated, and mobile people who view themselves as free agents in a seller's market.

        Beyond the field of information technology, the increasing pace of technological change in virtually every industry has created entirely new business, wiped out others, and produced a great demand for continuous innovation (创新).New product, process, and distribution technologies provide powerful levers for creating competitive value. More companies are learning the importance of destructive technologies—-innovations that hold the potential to make a product line, or even an entire business segment, virtually outdated.

        Another major trend has been the consumer and business markets. There's a growing appreciation that superficially similar groups of customers may have very different preferences in terms of what they want to buy and how they want to buy it. Now, new technology makes it easier, faster, and cheaper to identify and serve targeted micro-markets in ways that were physically impossible or prohibitively expensive in the past. Moreover, the trend feeds on itself, a business's ability to serve sub-markets fuels customers' appetites for more and more specialized offerings.

    (1)、According to the first paragraph, the changes in the business environment in the past decades can be due to __________.
    A、technological advances B、worldwide economic disorder C、the fierce competition in industry D、the globalization of economy
    (2)、What idea does the author want to convey in the second paragraph?
    A、The rapid development of information technology has taken businessmen by surprise. B、The internet, intranets, e-mail, and portable computers have entered every corner of the world. C、Information technology has removed the restrictions of time and space in business transactions. D、The way we do business today has brought about startling breakthroughs in information technology.
    (3)、If a business wants to boom in the post-industrial economy, ________.
    A、it has to invest more capital in the training of free agents to operate in a seller's market B、it should try its best to satisfy the increasing demands of mobile knowledgeable people C、it should not overlook the importance of information, services, support, and distribution D、it has to provide each of its employees with the latest information about the changing market
    (4)、In the author's view, destructive technologies are innovations which _________.
    A、demand a radical change in providing services B、can eliminate an entire business C、may destroy the potential of a company to make any profit D、call for continuous improvement in ways of doing business
    (5)、With the consumer and business markets, ________.
    A、an increasing number of companies have broken down B、manufacturers must focus on one special product to remain competitive in the market C、it is physically impossible and prohibitively expensive to do business in the old way D、businesses have to meet individual customers' specific needs in order to succeed
  • 20. 阅读理解

        With the possible exception of equal rights, perhaps the most controversial issue across the United States today is the death penalty. Many argue that it is an effective deterrent (威慑) to murder, while others maintain there is no convincing evidence that the death penalty reduces the number of murders.

        The principal argument advanced by those opposed to the death penalty, basically, is that it is cruel and inhuman punishment, which is the mark of a brutal society, and finally that it is of questionable effectiveness as a deterrent to crime anyway.

        In our opinion, the death penalty is a necessary evil. Throughout recorded history there have always been those extreme individuals in every society who were capable of terribly violent crimes such as murder. But some are more extreme than others.

        For example, it is one thing to take the life of another in a fit of blind rage, but quite another to coldly plot and carry out the murder of one or more people in the style of a butcher. Thus, murder, like all other crimes, is a matter of relative degree. While it could be argued with some conviction that the criminal in the first instance should be merely separated from society, such should not be the fate of the latter type murderer.

        The value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime may be open to debate. But the overwhelming majority of citizens believe that the death penalty protects them. Their belief is strengthened by evidence which shows that the death penalty deters murder. For example, from 1954 to 1963, when the death penalty was consistently imposed in California, the murder rate remained between three and four murders for each 100,000 population. Since 1964 the death penalty has been carried out only once, and the murder rate has risen to 10.4 murders for each 100,000 population. The sharp climb in the state's murder rate, which began when executions stopped, is no coincidence. It is convincing evidence that the death penalty does deter many murderers. If the bill reestablishing the death penalty is banned, innocent people will be murdered—some whose lives may have been saved if the death penalty were in effect. This is literally a life or death matter. The lives of thousands of innocent people must be protected.

    (1)、The principal purpose of this passage is to________.
    A、speak for the majority B、initiate a ban C、criticize the government D、argue for the value of the death penalty
    (2)、The author's response to those who urge the death penalty for all is likely to be________.
    A、negative B、friendly C、supportive D、neutral
    (3)、According to the Paragraph 4, it can be inferred that________.
    A、the death penalty is the most controversial issue in the United States today B、the ban of the bill reestablishing the death penalty is of little importance C、the second type of murderers should be sentenced to death D、the value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime is not to be debated
    (4)、The passage attempts to establish a relationship between________.
    A、the effects of execution and the effects of isolation B、the murder rate and the imposition of the death penalty C、the importance of equal rights and that of the death penalty D、executions and murders
    (5)、The author's attitude towards "death penalty" is________.
    A、opposing B、supporting C、neutral D、not clear

四、任务型阅读

  • 21. 任务型阅读

        There was a man named Ken Nwadike who wanted desperately to run this year's Boston Marathon. But the Boston Marathon is different from most marathons: you have to qualify in order to enter it. Namely, you have to have completed your previous marathon in a certain amount of time, depending on your age category.

        Well, the man in question was 23 seconds short of the qualifying time he needed in order to enter the marathon. He had a number of options. He could get angry. He could blame someone. He could get depressed. Any of them could easily have led to his turning tail(逃走) and going home, angry or depressed.

        Instead, Ken Nwadike attended the Boston Marathon in his own way. He made a " Free Hugs" sign, and with that had a camera on a tripod (三脚架), he gave out hugs and smiles to the runners that passed him by, his way of encouraging and supporting them. From that humble beginning, Ken began his widelyacclaimedFree Hugs Campaign, which states its purpose as follows: "continuing the movement of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the mission of the Free Hugs Project is to spread love, inspire change and raise awareness of social issues." His campaign, which quickly became a huge success, got the widespread compliments.

        When things go wrong in our lives, as they do from time to time --- sometimes seemingly all the time --- we have a choice. We need to take a deep breath, judge the situation, and find a positive direction in which we should go. Whether it's something relatively small, like missing a marathon, or large, like losing a loved one, let Ken's story inspire you to take that breath, re-orient(重新调整)yourself, and move on to doing something worthwhile with the experience.

    (1)、Why couldn't the man take part in the Boston Marathon at first? (no more than 10 words)
    (2)、What did Ken Nwadike mainly do during the Boston Marathon? (no more than 10 words)
    (3)、What does the underlined word mean in the third paragraph? (1 word)
    (4)、What is the aim of Ken Nwadike's Free Hugs Campaign? (no more than 15 words)
    (5)、What do you think of Ken Nwadike from his story? Why? (no more than 25 words)

五、书面表达(满分25分)

  • 22. 假如你是晨光中学学生李津。最近参加了一次读书会活动。现在请用英文介绍此次活动中你和大家分享的一位中国作家:简单介绍该作家,你所读的作品以及你喜欢该作家(或其作品)的原因。

    注意: 1)词数不少于100词;

    2)开头已给出,不计入总词数;

    3)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

        Recently, I got actively involved in a reading activity.