天津市静海区第一中学2019-2020学年高一上学期英语期末考试试卷

试卷更新日期:2020-02-07 类型:期末考试

一、单项填空

  • 1. — I wouldn't agree with David if I were you.

    — ________ The suggestion he put forward at the meeting is very practical.

    A、Well done! B、Why not? C、Forget it. D、It depends.
  • 2. Every student in our class took part in the activity which is aimed to make the public ________ of the importance of protecting the environment.
    A、realize B、original C、formal D、aware
  • 3. We ought to concentrate our mind on our study in order to be admitted to the ideal university to ________ our parents' expectations.
    A、come across B、pick up C、live up to D、belong to
  • 4. Paul did a great job in the speech contest. He      many times last week.
    A、need have practised B、might practise C、must have practised D、could practise
  • 5. The government is taking action to protect natural ________ and call on the public not to waste them.
    A、sources B、functions C、resources D、symbols
  • 6. Mr. Zheng is a patient teacher ________ I have the greatest respect and he is popular with the students.
    A、who B、with whom C、whose D、for whom
  • 7. If you want to know more about the course, you can ________ me and I am available at any time.
    A、honour B、contact C、adapt D、represent
  • 8. __________ in the new on-line game , he missed the final boarding call of his flight .
    A、Absorbed B、Absorbing C、Having absorbed D、Being absorbed
  • 9. ________ the news, they immediately set off for the station.
    A、Heard B、Hearing C、Having heard D、Hear
  • 10. In the past 10 years, great changes ________ in my hometown with the development of tourism under the leadership of the government.
    A、took place B、take place C、are taking place D、have taken place

二、完形填空

  • 11. 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从所给的四个选项A、B、C、D中选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

        After all of these years, I still remember my first moment of kindness. It was the first day of kindergarten. I walked in with my mom and was 1 at all the toys against the walls. I 2 ran over to play. Most of the other kids were doing the same.

        In the corner 3, I saw one girl, sitting by herself. She was small and looked 4. She was the only one in the class shorter than me. Her 5 eyes looked like she had been crying. None of the other children seemed to 6 her there.

        I went back to 7 the toy cars but after a minute, I looked up at her again. She seemed so 8. Something inside started to stir(搅动). After a moment, I 9 two of the toy cars and 10 her. "Do you want to play?" I asked. She smiled and 11 her head yes.

        What made me remember that first unselfish act was a 12 that little girl wrote me after we were both grown. She told me how her illness made the other kids 13 her and how that moment of kindness had 14 her life. She had valued the 15I had offered her and carried it in her 16 even after she moved away. I wrote her back and we continued our friendship through the mail for several years 17 the disease finally took her life.

        Today I still thanked my unselfish little heart for 18 me to be kind to a little girl who needed a friend. I thought of how a moment of kindness can 19 so much to another, and of how 20 act can make the world so much better. May your life be full of giving, caring and helping that bring joy to you while you bring joy to others.

    (1)
    A、disappointed B、amazed C、bored D、mad
    (2)
    A、slowly B、worriedly C、carefully D、immediately
    (3)
    A、though B、still C、ever D、also
    (4)
    A、weak B、strict C、tired D、angry
    (5)
    A、grey B、black C、bright D、red
    (6)
    A、ignore B、praise C、notice D、forget
    (7)
    A、break up B、play with C、find out D、put away
    (8)
    A、patient B、friendly C、lonely D、curious
    (9)
    A、picked up B、lent C、handed out D、bought
    (10)
    A、visited B、introduced C、pushed D、approached
    (11)
    A、shook B、held C、turned D、nodded
    (12)
    A、poem B、letter C、note D、message
    (13)
    A、avoid B、beat C、admire D、cheat
    (14)
    A、created B、changed C、enriched D、continued
    (15)
    A、difference B、appointment C、friendship D、agreement
    (16)
    A、journey B、plan C、dream D、heart
    (17)
    A、unless B、before C、though D、when
    (18)
    A、permitting B、wishing C、driving D、causing
    (19)
    A、reply B、prove C、mean D、show
    (20)
    A、simple B、skillful C、wonderful D、creative

三、阅读理解(31-45小题,每小题2分,共30分;学法题每小题2分,共4分,满分34分)

  • 12. 阅读理解

        Branksome Hall

        Class Size: 12 to 22

        Grades: JK to Gr. 12

        Gender(性别): All girls

        Living: day, Boarding(提供住宿的)

        Founded in 1903, Branksome Hall is Toronto's only all-girls, all-years International Baccalaureate (IB)World School. From the earliest grades, students learn to become leaders and to understand the value of serving the community. Discover Branksome hall's programs at www.brunksome.on.ca.

        Stanstead College

        Class Size: 13

        Grades: Gr. 7 to Gr.12

        Gender: Open to both sexes

        Living: Boarding

        Stanstead College is a private boarding school for boys and girls in Grades 7 through 12. It is an English school that embraces (包含) French in and out of the classroom. It is also uniquely placed to open doors to top universities and colleges in the United States, Canada and around the world.

        Oakwood Academy

        Class Size: 1 to 4

        Grades: JK to Gr. 12.

        Gender: Open to both sexes

        Living: Day

        Oakwood Academy is a private school for students who require an individualized education plan and small class size to meet their unique learning styles. Direct Instruction is used to teach academics in small groups and a meaningful curriculum (课程) allows students to truly learn.

        TEAM School

        Class Size: 8 to 12

        Grades: Gr. 1 to Gr.12

        Gender: Open to both sexes

        Living: Day

        TEAM School provides an academic program for students in Grades 1 through 12. Students from ages 6 to 14 benefit from small class sizes (8 students) and an individualized academic program to provide an educational upgrading.

    (1)、Which of the following is a single-gender school?
    A、TEAM School. B、Branksome Hall. C、Stanstead College. D、Oakwood Academy.
    (2)、How is Stanstead College different from the others?
    A、It is for preschoolers. B、It involves two languages in class. C、It is characterized by small class sizes. D、It provides places for students to stay overnight.
    (3)、What can we learn from Oakwood Academy?
    A、It has a small class size. B、It's a boarding school. C、It offers job opportunities. D、It has its own website.
    (4)、Which of the following is TRUE about TEAM School?
    A、There are at least 12 students in a class. B、It is just open to children of school age. C、Students can. learn how to work together as a team there. D、Most of its students enter top universities after graduating.
    (5)、What do Oakwood Academy and TEAM School both value?
    A、Personalized ways of studying. B、A sense of serving the community. C、Preparing students for top universities. D、Designing meaningful lessons for students.
  • 13. 阅读理解

        Buddy or Friendship Benches (长椅)are needed because playgrounds can be lonely places sometimes. When a school places the bench, they teach a little lesson to the kids on how it is to be used. Then when a child sits on the bench, it sends out a message to others that basically says, " Hey, I'm alone right now and would welcome the company (陪伴) of others." Kids in the playground see this and from their training, they see there is a fellow student in need. They are encouraged to come over and sit on the bench and make a new friend.

        Benches like this have been around for a while now in many schools. But in Ireland, they are trying to do something different with them. This school in Cork in the south of Ireland is the 247th to get benches from a social organization called "Buddy Bench Ireland" that doesn't just provide schools with benches, but also runs special projects with trained child psychiatrists (精神病专家).They use the bench as an opportunity to start conversations about mental health. They talk about the importance of knowing and understanding your feelings and those of others.

        Judith Ashton, a co-founder of Buddy Bench Ireland said, "The children need to understand what the bench is about, what it represents —friendship, understanding, listening to each other and the most important thing is that it's important to express feelings."

        But do children really use the bench? It's a matter of great public concern. Sinead Mcgilloway from Maynooth University carried out a study and said, " We found that 40% of the children told us that they had actually used the benches at the time of the study. And over 90% said that they would talk to a child if that child was sitting on the bench. So, there's nothing to worry about.

        Children's mental health and safety at school is increasingly a concern in many countries. In Ireland, they're hoping these benches will not only tackleproblems like school violence and school bullying (校园暴力和校园欺凌), but also give students the confidence to open up about their feelings.

    (1)、According to the passage, buddy benches might _________.
    A、make students feel relaxed B、help students feeling lonely to find friends C、be a symbol of psychology classes D、appear in schools filled with problem children
    (2)、The organization "Buddy Bench Ireland" _________.
    A、makes buddy benches more popular B、brings more new-pattern benches to schools C、encourages more students to choose buddy benches D、provides psychological care projects along
    (3)、In Judith Ashton's opinion, what students most need to know is _________.
    A、how to understand each other B、what buddy benches are about C、the importance of expressing themselves D、the necessity of listening to their friends
    (4)、From what Sinead Mcgilloway said, we can know that _________.
    A、60% of the children in the study disliked these benches B、over 90% of the children in the study once felt lonely C、he once worried about children with mental problems D、the public don't have to worry about the use of buddy benches
    (5)、What does the underlined word "tackle" mean?
    A、Deal with. B、Check out. C、Keep a record of. D、Leave out.
  • 14. 阅读理解

        For 63 percent of Americans, coffee is one of their daily essentials. This number has been this high since 2017, according to the National Coffee Association. The rise of coffee is due to its numerous benefits like preventing DNA damage, but it works best if you do this simple thing first: Eat.

        "Drinking coffee on an empty stomach, or early in the morning before you've had breakfast, can raise the level of cortisol (皮质醇) in your body. From the moment you open your eyes in the morning, your body starts releasing cortisol. It's a hormone (激素) that's responsible for ruling your immune response, metabolism (新陈代谢), and stress response," says Dr. Nikola Djordjevic, MD.

        "If you pump your body with caffeine(咖啡因) when your cortisol is at its peak," Djordjevic says, "you'll be forcing your body to bear even more stress." In a study that evaluated preference for caffeinated drinks among medical students, it's shown that 25 percent of students drank coffee in the morning on an empty stomach.

        These students are at an increased risk of mood changes and possible long-term effects on their health, as explained in the study. "Drinking coffee on an empty stomach can greatly encourage the acid in your stomach, producing a more acidic environment," says Dr. Jamie Long, a licensed clinical psychologist. Thus, a full stomach is important to control the amount of stomach acid produced.

        Since coffee increases your stomach acid, you're highly likely to experience heartburn and even develop gastric ulcers (胃溃疡), Djordjevic says. Clearly, drinking coffee on an empty stomach affects physical health. But it does harm to mental health, too. The overproduction of acid in the stomach can cause mood swings, nervousness, shaking and other withdrawal symptoms (症状). "And if you've already had the sign of experiencing anxiety, you're even more possible to be attacked by the effects of coffee," says Long.

        Base line: Know your limits so you can fully experience what coffee can offer, because here's exactly what happens to your body when you drink coffee daily.

    (1)、What does the underlined word "it" in Paragraph 1 refer to?
    A、The coffee. B、The DNA damage. C、The stomach. D、The National Coffee Association.
    (2)、What does the author tell us about coffee in Paragraph 2?
    A、It can help to reduce our stress. B、It will slow down our metabolism. C、It might contain some kind of hormone. D、It may increase the cortisol in our bodies.
    (3)、What do Dr. Nikola Djordjevic's words in Paragraph 3 imply?
    A、Cortisol in the body is at a high level in the morning. B、75 percent of the medical students dislike coffee. C、Medical students usually suffer more stress. D、Most people drink coffee in the afternoon.
    (4)、According to Djordjevic and Long, the over- production of stomach acid can ______.
    A、be good for our hearts B、make us feel less hungry C、relieve our nervousness and anxiety D、harm our physical and mental health
    (5)、What can be the best title for this text?
    A、Why so many Americans are coffee lovers. B、What you can do to keep your stomach healthy. C、Why you shouldn't drink coffee on an empty stomach. D、How you can control the level of cortisol in your body.

四、任务型阅读

  • 15. 阅读下面的短文,请根据短文后的要求答题。

        If you seek happiness, then you need to know what happiness is for you. I don't believe there is one universal definition of happiness. Happiness is a very subjective emotion, according to me. Put two people in identical situations: same amount of money, life experiences. etc. and you can be pretty sure that they both wouldn't feel equally happy or equally sad. I believe this is so because there are two kinds of happiness. There is one kind of happiness, which is kind of universal and then there is the other kind, which is very individual to each one of us. It is this kind of happiness that I find more interesting.

        The second kind of happiness that I talk about comes from our expectations out of our lives, which vary from person to person. For example, a person who expects a lot out of his or her life may find that happiness is hard to find. They are constantly in search of these things in life, which always seem to elude (逃避) them. Those things may be money or fame or power or any of the other pursuits (追求) that humans have, but it would be likely that such people are less likely to be happy, if their goals are not met. In most cases, even after their goals are met, they don't find happiness, because they seek more--- new goals, new wish lists, and it's a seemingly never- ending process for them!

        On the other hand, a person who takes life as it comes along and makes the best of each day is more likely to be happy every day. They have no pressure or goals to occupy their minds and they can achieve happiness from the simple pleasures of everyday life, finding love, making time for the family and kids, seeing their kids grow, etc. Of course, that doesn't mean that you shouldn't have any expectations at all. You should keep those expectations reasonable and manageable.

    (1)、What does the author want to tell us in the first paragraph? (no more than 10 words)
    (2)、What do the underlined words "these things" in Paragraph 2 probably refer to? (no more than 5 words)
    (3)、Why don't some people still feel happy even if their goals are met? (no more than 10 words)
    (4)、In the author' opinion, what kind of people are likely to be happy? (no more than 16 words)
    (5)、What is happiness to you? What will you do to achieve your happiness? (no more than 20 words)

五、书面表达

  • 16. 《新西线无战事》是一部经典的反战电影,曾获奥斯卡最佳影片等大奖。请根据下列提示以An Anti­war Film为题写一篇100词左右的英语短文来评论这部电影。

    片名:All Quiet on the Western Front

    导演:Delbert Mann

    主演:Richard Thomas

    主角:Paul Baumer

    剧情:以保罗为首的一批德国青年,在爱国老师的号召下,热情地奔赴第一次世界大战的战场。但还未到达前线,就已在伤病医院目睹了战争的残酷,内心开始产生疑问。亲临前线后,逐渐认识到真正的战争是饥饿和死亡。

    评论:这是一部我看过的最令人难忘的优秀反战影片,确实值得再看一遍。

  • 17. 假如你是新华中学高一学生李津,你的同学王明总是说因为学习忙而没有时间锻炼,最近天气变化,他生病了。请你根据下列要点给他写一封建议信:

    ⑴写信的原因;

    ⑵提出加强锻炼的建议并说明好处;

    ⑶表达祝愿。

    注意:⑴短文须包括上述要点,应适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    ⑵词数:100左右。短文开头已给出(不计词数)。

    Dear Wang Ming,

        I am sorry to hear that you have been ill for days and hope you are better now.

       

    Yours sincerely,

    Li Jin